Effectiveness of a Multicomponent Training Program on Physical Performance and Muscle Quality in Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

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Labata Lezaun, Noé
Canet-Vintró, Max
López de Celis, Carlos
Rodríguez-Sanz, Jacobo
Aiguadé Aiguadé, RamonAiguadé Aiguadé, Ramon - ORCID ID
Cuadra-Llopart, Leonor
Jovell-Fernández, Esther
Bosch, Joan
Pérez Bellmunt, Albert
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cc-by (c) Labata Lezaun, Noé et al., 2022
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Aging is associated with a decrease in functional capacity, manifested by a loss of strength, physical performance and muscle quality. Multicomponent training (MCT), characterized by the combination of at least three types of training, could be a good strategy to counteract these changes. To date there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of MCT in improving both physical performance and muscle quality simultaneously. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes produced by an MCT program on both physical performance and muscle quality in a population of healthy older adults. Sixteen healthy older adults were recruited to perform a 15-session multicomponent training intervention. Physical performance was assessed by different functional tests, and muscle quality was assessed by tensiomyography and myotonometry. The main results of this study show some improvement in functional tests, but not in muscle quality parameters, except for vastus lateralis stiffness. MCT is able to generate improvements in the physical performance of older adults, but these improvements are not reflected in muscle quality parameters measured by tensiomyography and myotonometry.
Journal or Serie
International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 2022, vol. 20, núm. 1, p. 1-8