Severity in the ICD-11 personality disorder model: Evaluation in a Spanish mixed sample

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Gutiérrez, Fernando
Aluja Fabregat, AntónAluja Fabregat, Antón - ORCID ID
Rodríguez, Claudia
Gárriz, Miguel
Peri, Josep M.
Gallart Masia, SalvadorGallart Masia, Salvador - ORCID ID
Calvo, Natalia
Ferrer, Marc
Gutiérrez Zotes, Alfonso
Soler, Joaquim
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cc-by (c) Gutiérrez et al., 2023
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Severity is the main component of the ICD-11 personality disorder (PD) classification, but pertinent instruments have only recently been developed. We analyzed the psychometric properties of the ICD-11 Personality Disorder Severity scale (PDS-ICD-11) in a mixed sample of 726 community and clinical subjects. We also examined how the different components of the ICD-11 PD system ¿five trait domains, the borderline pattern specifier, and severity, all of them measured through self-reports¿ are interconnected and operate together. PDS-ICD-11 properties were adequate and similar to those of the original instrument. However, regressions and factor analyses showed a considerable overlap of severity with the five personality domains and the borderline specifier (72.6%). Bifactor modeling resulted in a general factor of PD (g-PD) that was not equivalent to severity nor improved criterion validity. The whole ICD-11 PD system, i.e., five personality domains, borderline, and severity, explained an average of 43.6% of variance of external measures of well-being, disability, and clinical problems, with severity contributing 4.8%. Suggestions to further improve the ICD-11 PD taxonomy include remodeling the present definition of severity to give more weight to the real-life consequences of traits.
Journal or Serie
Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2023