Articles publicats (Psicologia)
Permanent URI for this collection
- ItemOpen AccessPsychometric properties of the catalan version of the goldberg anxiety and depression scale (GADS)(Psychological Society of Northern Greece, 2022) Malas, Olga; Tolsá, Maria DoloresThis study aimed to test the psychometric properties of the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale (GADS), applied to a Catalan sample of the adult general population. The scale was translated and adapted to the Catalan language. The sample comprised 741 participants of both sexes. The sample was split randomly into two groups: calibration and validation. Structural validity was analysed in the calibration group (n = 371), using exploratory factor analysis, suggesting a one-factor structure. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed with the validation group (n = 370). The one-factor model demonstrated adequate goodness of fit indices and satisfactory internal consistency. The two-factor model presented only acceptable goodness of fit indices and internal consistency, but the discriminant capacity was low. The obtained results support the use of the GADS as an acceptable instrument to measure anxiety and depression in the Catalan population, but not to distinguish between these two conditions.
- ItemOpen AccessTraditional Sporting Games as an emotional induction procedure(Frontiers, 2023-01-06) Moya Higueras, Jorge; March Llanes, Jaume; Prat Ambrós, Queralt; Muñoz Arroyave, Verónica; Lavega i Burgués, PereExperimental designs to induct emotional states have frequently used still procedures. However, more naturalistic methods of emotional induction by letting participants move and interact freely with other participants should be considered. Traditional Sporting Games (TSG) have the above-mentioned characteristics. The general aim of this study was to determine whether the different roles which allowed executing ambivalent interactions induced different emotional states in college students. We developed three studies with three paradoxical TSG (Sitting Ball Game, Four Corners Game, and Pitcher's Game). Before beginning to play, all the participants answered the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in a mood version. After playing, participants were asked to report retrospectively the emotional state they were feeling in each role of the game, responding to the Self-Assessment Manikin, PANAS, and Games and Emotion Scale-II. Statistical analyses were performed by ANOVA, calculating corresponding effect sizes. Consistently, but specifically, in each game, roles still induced less positive and more negative emotions. Regarding the active roles, more positive and less negative emotions were kindled when the role allowed catching other players. On the contrary, when developing an active role that implied an increased likelihood of being caught, more negative and less positive emotions were experienced. We found some significant interaction effects between the moods and the role played before playing. To conclude, TSG could be an adequate procedure to induct emotional states and to study emotional conditions in a naturalistic way, showing ecological validity.
- ItemOpen AccessA Comprehensive Skills Analysis of Novice Software Developers Working in the Professional Software Development Industry(Hindawi, 2022) Mian, Imdad Ahmad; Haq, Ijaz Ul; Anwar, Aamir; Alroobaea, Roobaea; Ullah, Syed Sajid; Almansour, Fahad; Umar, FazlullahMeasuring and evaluating a learner’s learning ability is always the focus of every person whose aim is to develop strategies and plans for their learners to improve the learning process. For example, classroom assessments, self-assessment using computer systems such as Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS), and other approaches are available. Assessment of metacognition is one of these techniques. Having the ability to evaluate and monitor one’s learning is known as metacognition. An individual can then propose adjustments to their learning process based on this assessment. By monitoring, improving, and planning their activities, learners who can manage their cognitive skills are better able to manage their knowledge about a particular subject. It is common knowledge that students’ metacognitive and self-assessment skills and abilities have been extensively studied, but no research has been carried out on the mistakes that novice developers make because they do not use their self-assessment abilities enough. ,is study aims to assess the metacognitive skills and abilities of novice software developers working in the industry and to describe the consequences of awareness of metacognition on their performance. In the proposed study, we experimented with novice software developers and collected data using Devskiller and a self-assessment log to analyze their use of self-regulation skills. ,e proposed study showed that when developers are asked to reflect upon their work, they become more informed about their habitual mistakes, and using a self-assessment log helps them highlight their repetitive mistakes and experiences which allows them to improve their performance on future tasks.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Validity and Reliability of the Hungarian Version of the Brief Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire – An Effective Method to Measure Work-To-Family and Family-To-Work Conflict(PsychOpen, 2022) Mészáros, Veronika; Kövi, Zsuzsanna; Blanch Plana, Angel; Ferenczi, Andrea; Tanyi, Zsuzsanna; Karai, Virág; Hittner, James Bryant; Kulig, Barbara; Kovács, Dóra; Smohai, Máté; Ádám, SzilviaThe current study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Hungarian version of the brief Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire (Conflicto Trabajo – Familia, CCTF) using both homogeneous (social care workers, N = 206) and heterogeneous (N = 586) occupational samples. In order to examine construct validity, we explored both two-factor and bifactor models. Our findings provided greater support for the two-factor model (homogeneous sample: χ2 = 14.032, p = 0.379 df = 13; CFI = 0.999; NNFI = 0.998; RMSEA = 0.020 [0.000–0.051]; heterogeneous sample: χ2 = 40.213, p < 0.001 df = 13; CFI = 0.993; NNFI = 0.985; RMSEA = 0.060 [0.023–0.079]). Our results demonstrated good reliability (ω = 0.797–0.911) and predictive validity, which we tested by exploring the relation of the construct with burnout and psychosomatic symptoms. Our results suggest that the Hungarian version of the CCTF is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring both work-to-family and family-to-work conflict.
- ItemOpen AccessSeverity in the ICD-11 personality disorder model: Evaluation in a Spanish mixed sample(Frontiers Media, 2023) Gutiérrez, Fernando; Aluja Fabregat, Antón; Rodríguez, Claudia; Gárriz, Miguel; Peri, Josep M.; Gallart Masia, Salvador; Calvo, Natalia; Ferrer, Marc; Gutiérrez Zotes, Alfonso; Soler, Joaquim; Pascual, Juan CarlosSeverity is the main component of the ICD-11 personality disorder (PD) classification, but pertinent instruments have only recently been developed. We analyzed the psychometric properties of the ICD-11 Personality Disorder Severity scale (PDS-ICD-11) in a mixed sample of 726 community and clinical subjects. We also examined how the different components of the ICD-11 PD system ¿five trait domains, the borderline pattern specifier, and severity, all of them measured through self-reports¿ are interconnected and operate together. PDS-ICD-11 properties were adequate and similar to those of the original instrument. However, regressions and factor analyses showed a considerable overlap of severity with the five personality domains and the borderline specifier (72.6%). Bifactor modeling resulted in a general factor of PD (g-PD) that was not equivalent to severity nor improved criterion validity. The whole ICD-11 PD system, i.e., five personality domains, borderline, and severity, explained an average of 43.6% of variance of external measures of well-being, disability, and clinical problems, with severity contributing 4.8%. Suggestions to further improve the ICD-11 PD taxonomy include remodeling the present definition of severity to give more weight to the real-life consequences of traits.