Articles publicats (Economia i Empresa)

Permanent URI for this collection

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 381
  • Item
    Open Access
    Transition from entrepreneurship education to entrepreneurial intention: a cross-cultural effect
    (Polskie Towarzystwo Geograficzne, 2023) Amofah, Kwaku; Gameli Dziwornu, Michael; Rachwał, Tomasz; Saladrigues Solé, Ramon; Agyarko-Fosu, Fred
    Through a cross-cultural examination, this study aims to analyse a move from the field of entrepreneurship education (EE) to entrepreneurial intention (EI). Specifically, we carried out mediation (perceived behavioural control (PBC) and attitude towards entrepreneurship (ATE)) and moderation (gender and country) analysis. The study surveyed 546 Polish and Spanish university students and used a multi-group analysis to test the model across groups. The results reveal that attitude and PBC partially mediate the effect of EE on EI. Moreover, the results show that the model is consistent in both countries. The study contributes to the comparative international entrepreneurship literature on how the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) applies in different contexts and implications it has for this field of study.
  • Item
    Open Access
    Determining the influence of belonging to a wine protected designation of origin on profitability
    (Wiley, 2024) Moreno Gené, Jordi; Solé Puiggené, Sònia; Gallizo Larraz, José Luis
    To guide consumers, wineries need credible attributes about the quality of their wines and its origin. In Spain, protected designations of origin (PDO) guarantee that the wine has been produced in a certain wine region in accordance with specific and officially regulated quality criteria thus providing elements of guarantee to the consumer. The objective of this work is to determine whether the belonging of a winery to a PDO is positively or negatively related to profitability. This analysis is important because based on its results, managers will have more knowledge to decide whether a winery is interested in joining the regional PDO or not. We performed an empirical study using a random-effects generalized least squares regression analysis, with a sample of 1182 Spanish wineries, in which we determine the relation between belonging to eight of the major Spanish PDOs and winery profitability. The results show that wineries registered in these PDOs tend to have higher levels of profitability than wineries that have opted to remain outside, with these differences being significant in five of the eight PDOs analyzed. Additionally, the regression model reveals a positive relationship between PDO membership and winery profitability in six of the eight PDOs. Furthermore, the findings suggest that in some of these PDOs small wineries benefit the most from being part of a PDO due to their difficulties in having a recognized brand in the market, while belonging to a PDO seems to be less useful for large wineries that have greater resources to build their own quality brand. On the basis of these findings, the wineries now have more information to decide whether to stay in the PDO, join it, or focus exclusively on developing their own brands [EconLit Citations: L15, L66, Q13].
  • Item
    Open Access
    Effects of C-reactive protein rapid testing and communication skills training on antibiotic prescribing for acute cough. A cluster factorial randomised controlled trial
    (Nature Research, 2024) Llor, Carl; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Sisó-Almirall, Antoni; Monfà, Ramon; Abellana, Rosa; García-Sangenís, Ana; Moragas, Ana; Morros, Rosa
    This cluster randomised clinical trial carried out in 20 primary care centres in Barcelona was aimed at assessing the effect of a continuous intervention focused on C-reactive protein (CRP) rapid testing and training in enhanced communication skills (ECS) on antibiotic consumption for adults with acute cough due to lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). The interventions consisted of general practitioners and nurses’ use of CRP point-of-care and training in ECS separately and combined, and usual care. The primary outcomes were antibiotic consumption and variation of the quality-adjusted life years during a 6-week follow-up. The difference in the overall antibiotic prescribing between the winter seasons before and after the intervention was calculated. The sample size calculated could not be reached due to the COVID-19 outbreak. A total of 233 patients were recruited. Compared to the usual care group (56.7%) antibiotic consumption among patients assigned to professionals in the ECS group was significantly lower (33.9%, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.38, 95% CI 0.15–0.94, p = 0.037), whereas patients assigned to CRP consumed 43.8% of antibiotics (aOR 0.70, 95% CI 0.29–1.68, p = 0.429) and 38.4% in the combined intervention group (aOR 0.45, 95% CI, 0.17–1.21; p = 0.112). The overall antibiotic prescribing rates in the centres receiving training were lower after the intervention compared to those assigned to usual care, with significant reductions in β-lactam rates. Patient recovery was similar in all groups. Despite the limited power due to the low number of patients included, we observed that continuous training achieved reductions in antibiotic consumption.
  • Item
    Open Access
    Attributes influencing guests’ experiences: a comparison of nonprofit and for-profit peer-to-peer accommodation platforms
    (Springer, 2024) Medina Hernández, Vivian; Mariné Roig, Estela; Ferrer Rosell, Berta
    Peer-to-peer accommodation has generated an ecosystem of platforms with different business models (i.e., for-profit and nonprofit). This study aims to identify and compare attributes that influence guests’ experiences as reviewed on the for-profit platform Airbnb and the nonprofit platforms Couchsurfing.com and HomeExchange.com according to a three-dimensional experience theoretical model and a methodological approach to interpret these attributes. The study used text-mining techniques to analyze 772,768 online travel reviews representing Spain’s four most-visited cities. Findings show that attributes influencing guests’ experiences in the case of nonprofit platforms relate to the authenticity dimension of experience (e.g., existential values and travel philosophy). Furthermore, guests reported that their guest–host interaction was the most representative attribute and that, unlike with Airbnb, such interaction helped to create a more authentic experience. By contrast, attributes of guests’ experiences in the case of for-profit platforms related to the physical amenities and characteristics that guests would expect to find in hotels. Those results can allow destination managers and accommodation practitioners to better understand users of peer-to-peer accommodations and thereby design more suitable strategies and experiences for them.
  • Item
    Open Access
    Las Cooperativas agrarias centenarias en Catalunya: Características y contribución a los ODS
    (Universitat de València, 2024-03-05) Montegut Salla, Yolanda; Colom Gorgues, Antonio; Plana Farran, Manel
    Las cooperativas agrarias de Catalunya se caracterizan por tener una extraordinaria longevidad, siendo más de una cuarta parte de las mismas las que han alcanzado el siglo de supervivencia y funcionamiento (Anuari Socioeconòmic de la Federació de Cooperatives Agràries de Catalunya, FCAC, 2022, 2021 y 2020). A pesar de esta perdurabilidad, estas organizaciones se han visto obligadas a afrontar importantes cambios (evolución del sector agrario, cambios de los gustos de los consumidores, exigencias gubernamentales, mecanización y modernización del sector agrario), así como dar respuesta a dificultades estructurales como la dimensión, el envejecimiento y la renovación generacional, entre otros. Como una estructura fundamental de la Economía Social, las cooperativas desarrollan su actividad bajo las premisas de los valores y principios cooperativos, convirtiéndose en actores esenciales en el cumplimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) (Villaescusa, 2019) aprobados en el marco de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas en septiembre de 2015. Refiriéndose a las cooperativas agroalimentarias, Mozas y Bernal (2020) las destacan como aquellas entidades que constituyen la columna vertebral de la Economía Social, representando uno de los instrumentos básicos del desarrollo rural (Gallego, 2007). La propuesta que realizamos en este trabajo es la siguiente: el cooperativismo agrario muestra una longevidad que requiere de un análisis pormenorizado a fin de determinar los elementos que contribuyen a la misma y que, de una forma tácita contribuye al cumplimiento de algunos de los ODS (4, 9, 12, 16 y 17). Para conseguir estos objetivos de investigación, utilizamos la Teoría del Capital de Bourdieu (1986).