Articles publicats (Economia i Empresa)

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    Open Access
    Mapping the Research into Mental Health in the Farming Environment: A Bibliometric Review from Scopus and WoS Databases
    (MDPI, 2024) Díaz Llobet, Manel; Plana Farran, Manel; Riethmuller, Micaela L.; Rodríguez Lizano, Victor; Solé Cases, Silvia; Teixidó Cairol, Mercè
    A significant part of the world economy is devoted to agriculture. The sector accounts for 27% of global employment and 4% of global GDP. Approximately 28.5 million farms are located in Europe and Latin America. In this sector, many uncertainties negatively impact farmers’ mental and emotional well-being. Many factors contribute to increased stress and a worsening of farmers’ mental health, including health problems resulting from the conducting their profession, economic uncertainty, the effects of climate change, and technological changes in the agricultural sector. Despite the existence of literature review studies related to mental health in agriculture, no bibliometric review study has been conducted. This article presents the first in-depth bibliometric analysis of the scientific literature on mental health in agriculture and operates based on Scopus and Web of Science databases. The results are presented as tables and explanatory diagrams describing the findings. The findings show the exponential increase in research in the last ten years and the evolution towards more social and health-related topics across the previous five years. The most common keywords are “suicide”, “stress”, and “depression”. No topic has been found where the current scientific production was significantly larger than the rest, indicating the wide variety of research sub-topics in this field.
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    Open Access
    Fruiturisme: The Boost of Fruit Tourism in Catalan Rural Areas
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023-09-12) Crespi Vallbona, Montserrat; Plana Farran, Manel
    This research involves an in-depth study of tourism as an economic driver in rural areas. We base it on a case study of Fruiturisme, a tourism project being developed in the small town of Aitona (Catalonia) which offers the experience of viewing fruit trees in bloom. In-depth interviews to local stakeholders are used to collect data and highlight the characteristics that foster the development and continuity of such agrotourism projects in domestic and international markets, as well as the sustainability of agrarian family businesses. The support and developmental drive by Aitona Town Council, together with the endogenous collaboration of the entire municipality, has generated an ideal scenario in which to create this recognised tourist product . The contribution of this article is to highlight this cogovernance to implement tourism activities and to go on with this collaboration to diversify the business activity of different farms and entrepreneurship in the town.
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    Open Access
    Palliative Care Costs in Different Ambulatory-Based Settings: A Systematic Review
    (Springer, 2023-12-27) Perea-Bello, Ana Helena ; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Dürsteler, Christian
    Background Cost-of-illness studies in palliative care are of growing interest in health economics. There is no standard methodology to capture direct and non-direct healthcare and non-healthcare expenses incurred by health services, patients and their caregivers in the course of the ambulatory palliative care process. Objective We aimed to describe the type of healthcare and non-healthcare expenses incurred by patients with cancer and non-cancer patients and their caregivers for palliative care in ambulatory-based settings and the methodology used to capture the data. Methods We conducted a systematic review of studies on the costs of ambulatory-based palliative care in patients with cancer (breast, lung, colorectal) and non-cancer conditions (chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia) found in six bibliographic databases (PubMed, EMBASE [via Ovid], Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EconLit, the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Database and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database at the University of York, and Google Scholar). The studies were published between January 2000 and December 2022. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology for study selection and assessed study quality using the Quality of Health Economic Studies instrument. The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021250086). Results Of 1434 identified references, 43 articles met the inclusion criteria. The primary data source was databases. More than half of the articles presented data from public healthcare systems (65.12%) were retrospective (60.47%), and entailed a bottom-up costing analysis (93.2%) made from a healthcare system perspective (53.49%). The sociodemographic characteristics of patients and families/caregivers were similar across the studies. Cost outcomes reports were heterogeneous; almost all of the studies collected data on direct healthcare costs (97.67%). The main driver of costs was inpatient care (55.81%), which increased during the end-of-life period. Nine studies (20.97%) recorded costs due to productivity losses for caregivers and three recorded such costs for patients. Caregiving costs were explored through an opportunity cost analysis in all cases, based on interviews conducted with and questionnaires administered to patients and caregivers, mainly via telephone calls (23.23%). Conclusions This systematic review reveals that studies on the costs of ambulatory-based palliative care are increasing. These studies are mostly conducted from a healthcare system perspective, which leaves out costs related to patients’/caregivers’ economic burden. There is a need for prospective studies to assess this financial burden and evaluate, with strong evidence, the interventions and actions designed to improve the quality of life of palliative care patients. Future studies should propose cost calculation approaches using a societal perspective to better estimate the economic burden imposed on patients in ambulatory-based palliative care.
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    Embargo
    Determinants of energy poverty: Trends in Spain in times of economic change (2006–2021)
    (IAEE, 2024) Costa, Maria T. ; Jové-Llopis, Elisenda; Planelles-Cortes, Jordi ; Trujillo-Baute, Elisa
    The debate concerning energy affordability in Europe is more pressing than ever, not solely as an energy issue but also as a broader social concern related to climate change, poverty, and health deprivation. This paper empirically investigates the factors leading to household energy vulnerability and identifies new dimensions and profiles affected by this structural problem. To carry out this econometric analysis, we draw on an exhaustive sample of more than 300,000 households extracted from the Spanish Household Budget Survey (HBS) for the period 2006–2021. Our empirical results confirm that energy poverty in Spain remains a chronic problem with a tendency to worsen during times of economic crisis and, most particularly, during the global economic recession caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study identifies two main groups—the retired and women living alone—as being at greatest risk of energy poverty. Our results also point to the importance of the economic activity performed by household members in determining the probability of their being energy poor.
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    Embargo
    Customers’ behavioral intentions when visiting upscale restaurants: Enjoying the experience or posturing?
    (Elsevier, 2024) Daries Ramón, Natalia; Cristóbal Fransi, Eduard; Sánchez García, Javier; Mariné Roig, Estela
    High-level gastronomy is booming and, in many cases, has become the main purpose for travel. This research aims to investigate the relationships between the performance of high-level restaurants, the affective components they generate, and how they can affect customer behavior both in regard to the restaurant and the destination in which it is located. The empirical work was analyzed by means of a multiple indicators multiple causes model (MIMIC) and structural equation modeling (SEM). The survey was administered to customers who visited Michelin-star restaurants. The main results indicate that enjoyment of the experience and the status it provides are important factors motivating consumers to visit these types of restaurants and that their behavioral intentions can influence their family, friends, acquaintances, and destination. Therefore, it is suggested that restaurant owners and destination managers develop joint strategies beneficial for the gastronomic tourism sector.