Articles publicats (Infermeria i Fisioteràpia)
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- ItemOpen AccessPhysiotherapists' experiences on assisting physiotherapy users during the COVID-19 pandemic with lockdown measures in Spain.(Wiley, 2023-05-19) Fernández-Lago, Helena; Climent Sanz, Carolina; Bravo Navarro, Cristina; Bosch Barceló, Pere; Masbernat Almenara, Maria; Sanjuan Sánchez, Daniel; Briones Vozmediano, EricaBackground Physiotherapists had faced a new healthcare scenario characterised by the restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Purpose To explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the physiotherapy profession from the perspective of physiotherapists working in the public and private sectors. Methods Qualitative study based on semi-structured personal interviews with 16 physiotherapists working in public, private, or public-private partnership sectors in Spain. The data were collected between March and June 2020. Inductive qualitative content analysis was performed. Results The participants (13 women, 3 men; aged 24–44 years) had professional experience in diverse healthcare settings (primary, hospital, home, consultations, insurance companies, associations). Five categories were identified: (1) the impact of lockdown on the health of physiotherapy users; (2) managing the demand for physiotherapy services during lockdown; (3) introducing protocols and protective measures in physiotherapy consultations; (4) changes in therapeutic approaches; and (5) future expectations in the physiotherapy care model. Physiotherapists perceived that lockdown caused a decline in the functionality of people with chronic conditions, together with a reduction in the physiotherapy services. Difficulties in prioritising users considered urgent became evident, and the inclusion of prophylactic measures affected treatment duration differently depending on the care setting and the pandemic prompted the use of telerehabilitation. Discussion The pandemic affected the functional status of chronic physiotherapy users and made treatment time, quality of care and triage protocols visible. In physiotherapy, technological barriers need to be solved, such as digital literacy, families without resources, situations of dependency and cultural barriers.
- ItemOpen AccessFatty Acid Binding Proteins 3 and 4 Predict Both All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in Subjects with Chronic Heart Failure and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(MDPI, 2023) Rodríguez Calvo, Ricardo; Granado Casas, Minerva; Pérez Montes de Oca, Alejandra; Pérez Montes de Oca, Alejandra; Julián, María Teresa; Domingo, Mar; Codina, Pau; Santiago Vacas, Evelyn; Cediel, Germán; Julve, Josep; Rossell, Joana; Masana, Luis; Mauricio Puente, DídacSubjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are at increased risk for heart failure (HF). The cardiac-specific (FABP3) and adipose-tissue-specific (FABP4) types of the fatty acid binding proteins have been associated with both all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. The aim of this study was to explore the prognosis value of FABP3 and FABP4 in ambulatory subjects with chronic HF (CHF), with and without T2D. A prospective study involving 240 ambulatory CHF subjects was performed. Patients were followed-up for a mean of 5.78 ± 3.30 years and cause of death (if any) was recorded. Primary endpoints were defined as all-cause and CV death, and a composite endpoint that included CV death or hospitalization for HF was included as a secondary endpoint. Baseline serum samples were obtained and the serum FABP3 and FABP4 concentrations were assessed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Survival analysis was performed with multivariable Cox regressions, using Fine and Gray competing risks models when needed, to explore the prognostic value of FABP3 and FABP4 concentrations, adjusting for potential confounders. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was highly prevalent, accounting for 47.5% for total subjects with CHF. Subjects with T2D showed higher mortality rates (T2D: 69.30%; non-T2D: 50.79%, p = 0.004) and higher serum FABP3 (1829.3 (1104.9–3440.5) pg/mL vs. 1396.05 (820.3–2362.16) pg/mL, p = 0.007) and FABP4 (45.5 (27.6–79.8) ng/mL vs. 34.1 (24.09–55.3) ng/mL, p = 0.006) concentrations compared with non-T2D CHF subjects. In the whole study cohort, FABP3 was independently associated with all-cause death, and both FABP3 and FABP4 concentrations were associated with CV mortality. The predictive values of these two molecules for all-cause (FABP3: HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.09–1.44; p = 0.002. FABP4: HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.12–4.36; p = 0.023) and CV mortality (FABP3: HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.09–1.50; p = 0.002. FABP4: HR 4.19, 95% CI 2.21–7.95; p < 0.001) were only statistically significant in the subgroup of subjects with T2D. Notably, FABP4 (HR 2.07, 95% CI 1.11–3.87; p = 0.022), but not FABP3, also predicted the occurrence of the composite endpoint (death or hospitalization for HF) only in subjects with T2D. All these associations were not found in CHF subjects without T2D. Our findings support the usefulness of serum FABP3 and FABP4 concentrations as independent predictors for the occurrence of all-cause and CV mortality in ambulatory subjects with CHF with T2D.
- ItemOpen AccessCaffeine and the Risk of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Findings from Clinical and Experimental Studies(MDPI, 2023) Alcubierre Calvo, Núria; Granado Casas, Minerva; Bogdanov, Patricia; Hernández, Cristina; Ramos, Hugo; Castelblanco Echavarría, Esmeralda; Real, Jordi; Rubinat, Esther; Traveset Maeso, Alicia; Hernández García, Marta; Jurjo Campo, Carmen; Vioque, Jesús; Navarrete Muñoz, Eva María; Simó, Rafael; Mauricio Puente, DídacThe aim of this study was to assess the potential benefits of caffeine intake in protecting against the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Furthermore, we tested the effect of topical administration of caffeine on the early stages of DR in an experimental model of DR. In the cross-sectional study, a total of 144 subjects with DR and 147 individuals without DR were assessed. DR was assessed by an experienced ophthalmologist. A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was administered. In the experimental model, a total of 20 mice were included. One drop (5 μL) of caffeine (5 mg/mL) (n = 10) or vehicle (5 μL PBS, pH 7.4) (n = 10) was randomly administered directly onto the superior corneal surface twice daily for two weeks in each eye. Glial activation and retinal vascular permeability were assessed using standard methods. In the cross-sectional study in humans, the adjusted-multivariable model showed that a moderate and high (Q2 and Q4) caffeine intake had a protective effect of DR (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) = 0.35 (0.16–0.78); p = 0.011 and 0.35 (0.16–0.77); p = 0.010, respectively). In the experimental model, the administration of caffeine did not improve either reactive gliosis or retinal vascular permeability. Our results suggest a dose-dependent protective effect of caffeine in the development of DR, while the potential benefits of antioxidants in coffee and tea should also be considered. Further research is needed to establish the benefits and mechanisms of caffeinated beverages in the development of DR.
- ItemOpen AccessHealth and well-being of refugees, asylum seekers, undocumented migrants, and internally displaced persons under COVID-19: a scoping review(Frontiers Media, 2023-04-26) El Arab, Rabie Adel; Somerville, Joel; Abuadas, Fuad H.; Rubinat, Esther; Sagbakken, MetteObjectives: The objective of this scoping review was to identify what is known about the impact of COVID-19 on the physical and mental well-being of refugees, asylum seekers, undocumented migrants, and internally displaced persons. The aim was also to identify barriers influencing access to treatment or prevention. Methods: The search was conducted using PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. A mixed methods appraisal tool was used to assess methodological rigor. The study findings were synthesized using a thematic analysis approach.
- ItemOpen AccessAuto-sacrificio femenino durante el padecimiento del cáncer de mama(Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina, 2022-09-11) Laza-Vásquez, Celmira; Gea Sánchez, MontserratExplorar los patrones del comportamiento socialmente construido y basados en el género asociado con el autosacrificio de mujeres jóvenes durante el padecimiento del cáncer de mama. Estudio cualitativo descriptivo realizado en la ciudad de Neiva, Departamento del Huila (Colombia) durante el 2018. Participaron 15 mujeres diagnosticadas a los 45 años o antes. La información se recolectó a través de un grupo de discusión y diez entrevistas semiestructuradas, y los datos se trataron mediante el análisis temático. Tres temas emergieron: 'Ante todo, cuidar de sus hijos(as) y su familia', 'Ocultar el dolor físico y emocional' y 'No ser una carga para su familia'. A pesar de la enfermedad, las mujeres deben continuar cumpliendo los roles socialmente establecidos para el género femenino, priorizando las necesidades de los demás y haciéndose cargo de las propias.