Browsing Articles publicats (IRBLleida) by Author "Abadias i Sero, Mª Isabel"
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- ItemOpen AccessEffect of Pseudomonas graminis strain CPA-7 on the ability of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica to colonize Caco-2 cells after pre-incubation on fresh-cut pear(Elsevier, 2017) Collazo Cordero, Cyrelys; Abadias i Sero, Mª Isabel; Colás Medà, Pilar; Iglesias Valenzuela, María Belén; Granado-Serrano, Ana Belén; Serrano Casasola, José Carlos Enrique; Viñas Almenar, InmaculadaTo further gain insight into the mechanism by which the biopreservative bacterium Pseudomonas graminis CPA-7 develops its antimicrobial activity, we have examined the effect that the prior interaction stablished by this bacterium and two foodborne pathogens on fresh-cut pear, has on their capacity to colonize human epithelial cells (Caco-2 cell line) which is crucial for establishing infection. CPA-7 inhibited the growth of L. monocytogenes and S. enterica subsp. enterica ser. Enteritidis by 5.5 and 3.1 log10, respectively, after 7 d of interaction at 10 °C. Furthermore, CPA-7 attenuated the adherence of S. enterica to Caco-2 cells by 0.8 log10 regardless of the pre-adaptation on the fruit. Conversely, the adhesiveness of L. monocytogenes was not influenced by the interaction with the antagonist but it was reduced by 0.5 log10 after incubation on the food matrix. Pathogen-antagonist-food matrix interaction was associated to a significant reduction of the relative invasiveness of both pathogens, by 1.3 log10 in the case of L. monocytogenes and to an undetectable level (below 5 CFU/g fruit) for S. enterica. CPA-7 can adhere to and internalize into intestinal epithelium which enables it for competition. Its adherence positively correlates to the multiplicity of infection (MOI) with respect to Caco-2 cells, increasing by 0.6 log10 in an MOI range of 0.1:1 to 100:1. For the same levels of inoculum, internalized cells could only be detected after 7 d of pre-adaptation in the fruit (pH 4.5–5.0). However, the combination of gastrointestinal digestion and habituation on the fruit resulted in a significant reduction of CPA-7 populations (by 2 log10 more after 7d of incubation than on inoculation day) as well as in the decrease of its adhesiveness (by 0.8 log10) and invasiveness (to undetectable levels).
- ItemOpen AccessExposure to minimally processed pear and melon during shelf life could modify the pathogenic potential of Listeria monocytogenes(Elsevier, 2017) Colás Medà, Pilar; Viñas Almenar, Inmaculada; Sousa Oliveira, Márcia Patrícia de; Anguera, Marina; Serrano Casasola, José Carlos Enrique; Abadias i Sero, Mª IsabelSurvival and virulence of foodborne pathogens can be influenced by environmental factors such as the intrinsic properties of food as well as the extrinsic properties that contribute to food shelf life (e.g., temperature and gas atmosphere). The direct contribution of food matrix characteristics on the survival of L. monocytogenes during fresh-cut fruit shelf life is not very well understood. In addition, the gastrointestinal tract is the primary route of listeriosis infection and penetration of the intestinal epithelial cell barrier is the first step in the infection process. Hence, the pathogenic potential of L. monocytogenes, measured as the capability for the organism to survive a simulated gastrointestinal tract and the proportion of cells able to subsequently adhere to and invade differentiated Caco-2 cells, subjected to fresh-cut pear and melon shelf life, was investigated. Samples were inoculated, stored at 10 °C for 7 days and evaluated after inoculation and again after 2 and 7 days of storage. A decrease in L. monocytogenes’ capacity to survive a simulated gastrointestinal tract was observed with increasing storage time, regardless of the fruit matrix evaluated. Furthermore, L. monocytogenes placed on fresh-cut pear and melon was subjected to an attachment and invasion assay after crossing the simulated gastrointestinal tract. After inoculation, pathogen on fresh-cut pear showed 5-fold more capacity to adhere to Caco-2 cells than pathogen on fresh-cut melon. After 2 days of storage, L. monocytogenes grown on fresh-cut melon showed similar adhesive capacity (1.11%) than cells grown on pear (1.83%), but cells grown on melon had the higher invasive capacity (0.0093%). We can conclude that minimally processed melon could represent a more important hazard than pear under the studied shelf life.